The town's name derives from the Latin "Taurianus" (a belonging of Taurius). Municipality in the province of Udine, whose territory is crossed by the River Chiarò and located in the Eastern part of the region, close to the Julian Alps. In some of its districts and villages there is a widespread use of a Slovenian dialect. The local economy is based mainly on the cultivation of vines, the industrial handicraft and quarrying of a versatile marble stone, known as "piasentina".
The finds in the cave of Foran in Landri, testify that this area was inhabited since Prehistoric times (Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages). The territories became home for several populations: the Euganei, the Ligurians, the Venetians and the Celts. Subsequently the Romans colonized the region and founded the town of Torreano. With the farming centuriation of the lands near Cividale, some were assigned to a Roman centurion, probably named "Taurius", hence the name. The Romans fortified Torreano to defend the borders of their Empire, but with time, the persistent attempts of invasion by the Barbarians accelerated the process of disintegration of this. It then submitted the domain of several populations, including Visigoths, Huns, Avars, Lombards. After this period, the town submitted the same fate of the other adjacent localities of the entire region.
Not to miss:
- the Church of Santo Stefano, dating from the XIII century and located near the cemetery. Inside it preserves a late XVI century wooden altar with a wooden statue depicting St. Stephen and paintings relating to the life of the saint. The niches re highlighted with XVIII century paintings, depicting the Madonna and Child, St. Andrew, St. Paul, St. Agatha and St. Bridget;
- the Church of San Rocco in Montina, a very small building, in stone, with pitched roof surmounted by a bell-mullioned window, built by Del Torre. Inside it preserves a fresco depicting San Rocco and a triptych in gilded wood, probably of the XVI century;
- the XVI century Church of St. Urbano in Ronchis, which features a fine wooden altar and a XVI century altarpiece painted by the artist Tanner;
- the Church of St. Nicholas, which features an extremely simple façade, a sloping roof and a beautiful portal;
- the small Church of San Mauro in Togliano, built in stone, houses a late XVI century altarpiece and the walls feature remains of frescoes of the XIV century;
- the Church of San Lorenzo in Prestento, which dates back to the late XVIII century. It features a simple façade, interrupted only by a rectangular window and is surmounted by a pediment. The building is flanked by an imposing Bell Tower with a square base, a belfry, mullioned windows and topped by a spire;
- the Church of San Lorenzo in Reant with an austere façade, topped by a Bell Tower, built in stone, that features a superb series of mullioned windows;
- the Church of Santa Maria in Masarolis, which features a Classic style façade in two colors;
- the Chapel of Our Lady of Lourdes;
- the church of San Giovanni Bosco in Costa;
- the Castellum, an oval shaped defensive building, built on a spur of rock by the Romans;
- the caverns of Foràn;
- Villa Maesano;
- Case Noas.