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Jesi

Description

Municipality in the province of Ancona, located halfway between the gorge della Rossa and the Adriatic sea, on a hill on the left bank of the Esino, Jesi is surrounded by several smaller towns, known as the castles of Jesi, universally known for the production of a famous Verdicchio wine. The town center is extremely well connected since Roman times and this efficient communication network, contributed enormously to its development.
The first settlement was probably founded by the Umbrians, followed in the IV century B.C. by the Gauls during their expansion, the area became an important crossroad of different peoples and civilizations. In 247 B.C. the Romans created their own colony and when the Empire fell, the city was spared from the destruction inflicted to the nearby towns by the Goths and the Lombards. Around year 1000, the city was ceded by Otto III to Pope Sylvester II: the bishop's possessions were added to those several feudal lords of the area, including those of the Earls of Jesi. In the XII century, when Jesi was proclaimed municipality, the city submitted a period of crisis of the feudal power. Tied to the Ghibellines, the end of the XIII century, the city witnessed a significant demographic and urban expansion with the formation of three districts. Between the XIV and XV centuries it was involved in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines. Later the city was incorporated in the domain of the papal vicar, while later it was ruled by the Sforza. The XV century was highlighted by clashes with the nearby cities of Fabriano and Ancona, epidemics of plague and continuous raids, until the middle of the same century, when it returned under the ecclesiastical control, which permitted a period of economic growth that lasted up to the XVIII century. Around the mid-XIX century, Jesi submitted a new urban expansion and after the First World War it consolidated its role as an industrial city.

Attractions:
- the Romanesque-Gothic Church and the Convent of St. Floriano, built in the first half of the XVIII century. Flanked by a tall Bell Tower, characterized by an original frame that features a series of double lancet windows. The dome has an octagonal shape and was built in the first half of the XVIII century by Vici;
- the Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Septimus, which features an XVIII century interior and a façade, completed in 1889. Of the original building remain only two XIII century red stone lions. The structure features a Latin cross plan;
- the Church of San Marco, founded by the Benedictine monks in the XIII century, in Gothic style. It features three naves and preserves inside a fresco of the XIV century of the Art school of Rimini;
- the Romanesque-Gothic church of Santa Maria del Piano, built in the Middle Ages on the ruins of a Roman temple;
- the Church of San Pietro, probably of Lombard origins, was rebuilt in its present form in the middle of the XVIII century;
- the Church of St. Nicholas of the XII century with a Romanesque apse and a Gothic portal;
- the XVIII century Sanctuary of Grace;
- the Abbey of San Savino of the Lombard period;
- the Convent of Santa Chiara;
- the Palazzo dei Priori, designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini, which features the town's coat of arms, placed at the end of the XV century on the portal. It was the seat of the Town Hall and residence of the papal governors. Today it houses the Civic Museum, the Municipal Library and the Historical Archive;
- the XIV century city walls, which enclose within the medieval city center. It was built following the route of an ancient Roman road and in the second half of the XV century, it was fortified with castles and bastions, added by the Florentine architect Baccio Pontelli;
- Palazzo Pianetti, designed in the XVIII century and completed in the XIX. It features a beautiful garden, large rooms and a beautiful gallery decorated with polychrome stucco decorations. It houses several artworks by the artist Lotto;
- the Pergolesi Theatre built in the late XVIII century;
- the XVII century Palazzo Ricci;
- Palazzo Ripanti in Baroque style;
- Palazzo Belleani.

Map

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