Located at the southern extremity of South Tyrol, it also marks the point of contact between the area where the people speak Italian and those that speak German, Salorno (Salurn in German) is a charming town in the province of Bolzano, surrounded by vineyards and orchards , dominated by the castle. It is located near the Straits with the same name, a narrowing long approx. 2-3km of the Val d'Adige, between Monticello and Mount Alto. The town's name, documented for the first time in 580, according to some historians derives from pre-Roman term "sale" (swamp) and according to others, from the Latin "solis urnae" (tomb of the sun, probably because in the winter this area is very dark).
Recent archaeological discoveries confirm the presence of settlements in the area since the Bronze Age. Colonized by the Romans, after the fall of the Empire, the territories were easy prey to the barbarian invasions, including, the Lombards, whose domain is still evidenced in several localities. Over the centuries Salorno has hosted several famous personalities such as: Napoleon, Martin Lutero, Albrecht Dürer and Ludwig Richter. It was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1920, after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
It is an ideal departure point for long walks or bike rides and trips through the Nature Park of Monte Corno and is the last village of the so-called "Wine Route".
Sites of Interest:
- the ruins of the XII century Castle Salorno (Haderburg), whose towers look over a rocky ridge;
- the Old Town centre with its beautiful buildings in Renaissance and Baroque styles;
- the Church of St. Andrew, the first example of a Baroque style building in South Tyrol;
- the Church of St. Ursula, in the district of Pochi;
- the Church of St. Margaret;
- the Church dedicated to the Visitation of Mary.