The most credible theory on the town's name, attests that it derives from the Lombard word "gahagi" (a land apart), while for others, it comes from the German word "gans" (goose). Municipality in the province of Padua, located on the border with the province of Vicenza, Gazzo Padovano is located along the shores of the River Brenta, in an area rich of water springs and embellished by villas of great value and buildings of architectural and artistic importance, spread between the main centre and its surrounding districts and villages. The economy is based mainly on agriculture, livestock and artistic crafts.
The area was inhabited since ancient times and the origins of the first settlement are very old, even though there is insufficient data to determine accurately the period of its foundation. Documented for the first time in an act of the second half of the XII century, in which is reported the assignment of the territories to the Bishop of Vicenza. During the Middle Ages, Gazzo Padovano was the scenario of the clashes between Venice and Sigismund of Hungary. Originally rich in forests, it submitted a period of deforestation, that brought, in the XIX century, a period of depopulation because in place of the woods, there were vast stretches of unhealthy marshland. Subsequently the area submitted the same historical events that affected the entire province of Padua.
- the Church of Our Lady of Grace, in the district of Grossa, built in the XVII century to replace a smaller pre-existing building. Rebuilt in the late XIX century, it features very simple forms, a single nave and a gable roofed facade and is flanked by a square shaped Bell Tower with belfry surmounted by a tympanum. Inside are preserved an XVIII century altar, a baptismal font and several valuable paintings of the XVI century;
- the XIX century Parish Church of Gazzo, which is a building of great elegance and finesse. It features a tympanum enriched by Greek decorations, a bezel with a beautiful bas-relief, two niches with statues on either side of the portal. The latter is flanked by two columns with bases and capitals;
- the Parish Church of Gaianigo, which is known since 1328 and over the centuries has submitted several renovations. It features a gable roof topped façade, embellished with semi-columns. It is flanked by an extremely tall Bell Tower and preserves within Baroque altars and valuable paintings;
- the Old Parish Church of Villalta. Documented since the XVI century, its interior is embellished with important stucco decorations and frescoes. The façade, surmounted by a pediment which features three statues, a half-moon window above the portal and two niches on its sides with statues;
- the Parish Church of the hamlet of Grantortino, already mentioned in texts dating from the XII century, is a building in Classic style, whose façade is enriched by a tympanum and semi-columns. The portal is anticipated by a porch;
- the XIX century Villa Forasacco which is surrounded by a large garden;
- the late XVII century Villa Mazzon;
- Villa Guzzo in Villalta;
- Casa Roversa;
- Villa Tacchi.
- the Town Hall with its large porch;
- the Mill of Grantortino.