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Quarto

Description

There are conflicting opinions on the origins of the town's name: for some historians it derives from the Latin name "Quartus", while for others it would come equally from the Latin, but refers to the location of the settlement on the Campana Consular Road, "ad quartum lapidem". It is a municipality in the province of Naples, located in the eastern part of the largest extinct crater of Campi Flegrei, in the Piana di Quarto. The local economy is based mainly on livestock farming and agricultural productions, especially of fine wines, such as: Piedirosso and Falanghina.
The area was inhabited since the Bronze Age, as evidenced by the recent discovery of interesting findings. The first settlement was founded by Greek colonists, followed by the Romans, who traced the route that connected the port of Puteoli to Capua. This road network, to achieve which the Romans had to overcome numerous obstacles and find really amazing engineering solutions, was a key element for economic development of the town. The area, rich in wetlands, which, at the end of the XVIII century, were gradually reclaimed, became an extremely fertile farmland. It was a district of Marano and acquired its autonomy in 1948.

Attractions:
- Santa Maria Libera Nos a Scandalis, which was built on the remains of an existing XIII century chapel. Very simple and very linear in its features, the façade is interrupted only by a rosette window, a tympanum and is preceded by a small staircase. It is flanked by a very original bell tower and inside preserves a collection of holy vestments, a XVII century marble stoup and several stucco decorations;
- the Church of Saints Peter and Paul;
- the Chapel of San Petrillo;
- the Cut Mountain, a passage of 290 meters, realized by the Romans, which allowed a quick passage through the hilly area of the Via Campana;
- the Mansio, a carriage station for those traveling between the regions of Lazio and Campania;
- the Necropolis of Via Brindisi, which houses three mausoleums, a triclinium and other findings;
- Piazza di Santa Maria.
- Punta Marmolite

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