Gavorrano is located in the gree Tuscan Maremma, an area rich in mineral deposits.
It is mentioned for the first time in an official document dating 1164, in which Federico I gave a castle to Count Alberto di Mangona.
During the XIII century Gavorrano was subjected to the Pannochieschi counts and in 1278, when Paganello Inghiramo Pannochieschi became lord of the village, built the famous Castello di Pietra, where he killed his wife Pia dei Tolomei; this event is also mentioned by Dante in the Divina Commedia (Purgatorio, Canto V): "Siena mi fe’, disfecemi Maremma" (I was born in Siena ena killed in Maremma).
A VIII century tomb and the Etruscan necropoli of San Germano have been recently founded not too far from the hamlet of Giuncarico.
The Castello di Pietra is set on the North-Eastern point of Gavorrano; now it consists of an original XI century tower and a XII-XIII century noble palace and tower. This location frames the annual historical evoking of "Salto della Contessa" (Countess fall).
The Church of San Giuliano was rebuilt at the end of the XVII century; it is possible to admire a valuable marble sculpture "Madonna col bambino" (1336) by Giovanni d’Agostino and two XVIII century paintings, donated by local noblemen, depicting "Annunciazione" and "Battesino di Gesù".
We also mention the Church of San Cosma e Damiano, the Church of San Biagio, the Church of Sant’Antonio and the Church of San Leonardo.
The Gavorrano Nature and Minig Park is located in the region of the Metalliferous Hills, in the southern of Tuscany, in a landscape characterised by numerous open pit-mines and the remains of structures for transporting and processing of minerals.