Locali d'Autore

Abbiamo a cuore la tua privacy

Come indicato nella cookie policy, noi e alcuni partner selezionati facciamo uso di tecnologie, quali i cookie, per raccogliere ed elaborare dati personali dai dispositivi (ad esempio l'indirizzo IP, tracciamenti precisi dei dispositivi e della posizione geografica), al fine di garantire le funzionalità tecniche, mostrarti pubblicità personalizzata, misurarne la performance, analizzare le nostre audience e migliorare i nostri prodotti e servizi. Con il tuo consenso potremo fare uso di tali tecnologie per le finalità indicate. Puoi liberamente conferire, rifiutare o revocare il consenso a tutti o alcuni dei trattamenti facendo click sul pulsante "Preferenze". Puoi acconsentire all'uso delle tecnologie sopra menzionate facendo click su "Accetta" o rifiutarne l'uso facendo click su "Rifiuta".


Locali d'Autore

Il rispetto della tua riservatezza è la nostra priorità

Noi e i nostri fornitori archiviamo informazioni su un dispositivo (e/o vi accediamo), quali cookie e trattiamo i dati personali, quali gli identificativi unici e informazioni generali inviate da un dispositivo per le finalità descritte sotto. Puoi fare clic per consentire a noi e ai nostri fornitori di trattarli per queste finalità. In alternativa puoi fare clic per negare il consenso o accedere a informazioni più dettagliate e modificare le tue preferenze prima di acconsentire. Le tue preferenze si applicheranno solo a questo sito web. Si rende noto che alcuni trattamenti dei dati personali possono non richiedere il tuo consenso, ma hai il diritto di opporti a tale trattamento. Puoi modificare le tue preferenze in qualsiasi momento ritornando su questo sito o consultando la nostra informativa sulla riservatezza.

Cookie strettamente necessari Questi cookie sono necessari per il funzionamento del sito e non possono essere disattivati ​​nei nostri sistemi. Di solito vengono impostati solo in risposta alle azioni da te effettuate che costituiscono una richiesta di servizi, come l'impostazione delle preferenze di privacy, l'accesso o la compilazione di moduli. È possibile impostare il browser per bloccare o avere avvisi riguardo questi cookie, ma di conseguenza alcune parti del sito non funzioneranno. Questi cookie non archiviano informazioni personali.

Cookie per pubblicità mirata Questi cookie possono essere impostati tramite il nostro sito dai nostri partner pubblicitari. Possono essere utilizzati da queste aziende per costruire un profilo dei tuoi interessi e mostrarti annunci pertinenti su altri siti. Non memorizzano direttamente informazioni personali, ma sono basati unicamente sull'individuazione del tuo browser e del tuo dispositivo internet. Se non si accettano questi cookie, riceverai una pubblicità meno mirata.

Rifiuta tuttoAccetta tuttoAccetta selezionati



you are here: Home More About Matilde di Canossa


Visit a locality browsing the menu on the left. In each Italy area you can then choose the best touristical structures we are proposing.

Most viewed in Italy

  • Santa Croce Luxury Villa - Amalfi

    As the smooth curves of a Mediterranean woman, who knows how to surprise and conquer, revealing, piece after piece, her wild and untamed nature, so the Amalfi coast hides inside its soul, delicate and virile at the same time, a sensuality that manifests...

  • Sunland Travel and Accommodation Amalfi Coast

    Sunland since 1979 is the leading tour operator for ground hanling services on Amalfi Coast, Cilento and Neapolitan Riviera. Sunland is the partner of some of the biggest tour operator world wide. Our attentive staff is at your service for: Hotel accomodation...

  • Amalfi Coast Destination Shore Excursions, Tours & Transfers

    The Amalfi Coast, suspended between sea and Sky, is a land of an amazing beauty. Our wish, having the pleasure to be your driver/guide, is to share with you the traditions, art, history, landscapes and the beauty that makes this land, " The Divine Amalfi...

  • Amalfi Vacation Amalfi Coast

    Self-catering villas and apartments on the Amalfi Coast with pool, access to the sea and air conditioning. Amalfi Vacation owns and manages all the Amalfi Coast villas shown on the website. We are specialists in luxury villas and self-catering apartments...

  • Hotel Santa Caterina Amalfi

    Located on the famous AmalfiCoast drive, a few minutes from the famous town of Amalfi, the Santa Caterina enjoys a panoramic coastal setting of incomparable beauty. The history of this special resort is as impressive as its surroundings. In 1880, Giuseppe...

Print this page Send to a friend by e-mail


Matilde di Canossa

- Mantua 1046/Bondeno di Roncore 1115
- countess, duchess, marquise and queen in the Middle Ages
- a lady always at the forefront, powerful feudatory and ardent supporter of the Church in the Investiture Controversy

If Matilde di Canossa had never existed, the saying "andare a Canossa" (literally "going to Canossa") would simply mean going to a small village in the Appennines near Reggio Emilia. But Matilde did exist and the saying has a deeper meaning (in Italian "andare a Canossa" means to beg forgiveness and eat humble pie). Matilde was one of the leading female figures in Medieval Europe. The Grand Duchess was courageous, learned, cosmopolitan and enlightened. She mediated between the two great powers of the age: the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy. The Matilde dominations acted a buffer zone between the territories owned by the Emperor and the Church. Matilde played a role as a mediator, culminating in the legendary meeting between Emperor Henry IV and the Pope Gregory VII at Canossa Castle in january 1077.
Matilde was not overly impressed by Henry IV, a relative of hers. She recalled him as small, bare-foot, dressed in a habit and prostrating himself before her great friend Ildebrando (Hildebran) Pope Gregory VII. Matilde considered the Pope "a real man", a leader who came from Cluny and knew what had to be done for foster faith. To Matilde, he was a true guide, exactly what was needed - while Henry wanted to appoint bishops himself and would not understand that he could not win.
At the fateful meeting in january 1077, Matilde played her part well. After all, she was the undisputed quuen of the feudal domains stretching from the foothills of the Alps to Lazio, near Rome. She owned the largest estates in Italy. If viewed from the top of mountain ridge, her lands would have been adorned with castles, churches, towers and villages. Fittingly, a trail in Matilde's name now runs through her former lands.

Medieval mood
The region is renowned for its medieval heritage and is dotted with medieval fortress, castles and villages. Bobbio is just one of well-preserved site, with its Ponte Gobbo ad an abbey founded by San Colombano. Then there's Castell'Arquato, near Piacenza, or Bardi, which boasts the Ghibelline fortress linked to the Landi dinasty. In Parma provnce, Fontanellato is an intriguing castle, famous for its "optical illusion chamber" and frescoes attributed to Parmigianino. In Brisighella, there's Via degli Asini (Donkey Street), a charming arcaded street. Longiano is a princely residence that once belonged to the Malatesta, one of the region's most powerful dynasties.

Natural bastions
At times, nature creates its own impregnable fortresses. The sandstone peaks of the imposing sassi di Roccamalatina rise vertiginously, like a castle. Set in gentle landscape, this rugged natural formation looks every bit for fortress. In the Appennines, the Pietra di Bismantova is another awe-inspiring natural rock formation: just ask the rock climbers, hikers or dreamers who stand at the stop, contemplating a magnificent structure which lay under the ocean millions of years ago. equally impressive are the small volcano-like cones of Salse di Nirano, which fascinated Pliny the Elder, or the Gessi Bolognesi, an atmospheric rock formation studded with cliffs.

Via Francigena
The Via Francigena was the route travelled by pilgrims, merchants and wayfarers from Britain and France. the made for the Cisa Pass and crossed the mountains into Tuscany's Lunigiana area and route to Rome. In Emilia Romagna, a section of the Via Francigena thoroughfare runs from piacenza to Parma. This famous route was described in the year 990 by Sigeric, Archbishop of Canterbury, and is lined with Romanesque treasures in the Emilia stretch. The architectural wonders include the Romanesque Baptistery in Parma, a masterpiece by Benedetto Antelami, as well as the Duomo in Fidenza, decorated with bas-reliefs that even feature helpful route directions. To follow in the footsteps of medieval pilgrims, contemplate the Sentieri della Luce in the Modena area or the Via degli Dei in the valleys around Bologna.

San Leo: an impregnable fortress
if you wish to understand the meaning of word impregnable follow the Marecchia Valley up to San leo built high on a rock and accessible only along a road cut into the rock. The medieval village - always at the hear of battles between Byzanthines, Goths, francs and Longobards and capital of the Kingdom of Italy for two years under the rule of Berengario II - is dominated by the imposing fortress restored by Francesco di Giorgio Martini in the XV century and transformed into a practically unattackable work of military art. However, it was almost impossible to escape if you were so unfortunate to be imprisoned its dungeons. Count Cagliostro, alchemist and adventurer who fascinated Europe in the 18th century soon found out: the walls of this fortress were his last earthly prison.

Nonantola Abbey
When the Lombard Duke Anselmo became a monk, he received land as a gift from king Astolfo. In 752 he founded a Benedictine abbey here, which became a medieval power-house. the abbey, dedicated to Saint Sylvester, is just outside Modena. Over the centuries, the abbeybecame increasingly powerful thanks to its strategic position and to the patronage of kings, popes and emperors. To follow in the footsteps of the medieval pilgrims, visit the crypt: dozens of slender columns fill the crypt like trees bathed in light.

(source: "Emilia Romagna, Land with a Soul")

Choose language