Favignana is the biggest island of the Egadi archipelago, located not too far from Trapani's coast; its name derives from the favonius wind and has a characteristic butterfly shape. The main town, Favignana, is set on a large bay dominated by the Fort of Santa Caterina. Favignana boasts two buildings endowed by the Florio family, a wealthy dynasty from Marsala, that developed any financial interests in tuna fishing. These comprise the Palazzo Florio, built in 1876, which is set back from the harbour, and, at the opposite end of the bay on the right, the great tonnara or tuna fishery.
The island is characterized by beaches and bays which are really evocative, among them there are Cala Azzurra (Blu Bay), a small sandy bay, Cala Rossa (Red Bay), a small rocky bay and the large beach of the Burrone Lido.
The caves are very beautiful, like the Grotta Azzurra (Blu Cave for the blu colour of its water); the Grotta degli Innamorati (The Lovers' Cave) (for the presence of two identical rocks placed to the wall on the ground) and finally the Grotta dei Sospiri (The Cave of Sighs) (which lets its moanings out when the sea is rough).