Castiglione della Pescaia i san important seaside resort set along the coast of the Tuscan Maremma, where important works for the reclamation of the territory were realised under the Florentine domination.
The village was founded by the Romans, with the name of "Salebrum"; in a IX century document it is mentioned as "Castellione della Piscaria". Then it was conquered by Pisa and, in the second half of the XVI century, passed under the control of the Medici family.
The historic town centre is set on a promontory, characterised by a medieval castle built in the X century by the Pisans as a lookout tower. Many other fortifications are still visible on the territory, such as the Cassero Senese in Vetulonia, the Aldobrandeschi castle in Buriano, Lilli Tower, Cala Galera Tower, Punta Ala Castle and the Appiani Tower.
The archaeological sites in Vetulonia, the remains of a Roman villa near the Bruna river, the Tombolo pinewood and the Daccia Botrona Natural Reserve - in an area originally occupied by the Prile lake - are interesting too.
The Pieve church of San Giovanni Battista was built in the XVI century using a weapons warehouse and realising the bell tower in neogothic style with a tower of the city walls.
Among the other churches, we mention the medieval Pieve church of Santa Maria Assunta in Buriano, the baroque church of Sant'Andrea and the Church of Santa Maria del Giglio.